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新人教版|八年级上册Unit6-Unit10各单元必考知识点大汇总

更新时间  2022-07-31 15:03 阅读
本文摘要:经由小简老师一个下午的奋战,新人教版英语八年级Unit6--Unit10各单元必考知识点终于和大家晤面了,包罗重点语法,重点词语和短语用法剖析很是好的的学习资料,千万不能错过哦,也接待转给你身边有需要的人!Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.【重点词语/短语用法剖析】1. want to be/become + (职业)名词 :“想要成为…..”I want to be (be) a scientist when I grow

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经由小简老师一个下午的奋战,新人教版英语八年级Unit6--Unit10各单元必考知识点终于和大家晤面了,包罗重点语法,重点词语和短语用法剖析很是好的的学习资料,千万不能错过哦,也接待转给你身边有需要的人!Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.【重点词语/短语用法剖析】1. want to be/become + (职业)名词 :“想要成为…..”I want to be (be) a scientist when I grow up.2. write stories 写故事 tell stories 讲故事3. keep on doing sth. 继续做某事(表行动的重复)keeping doing sth. 保持做某事(表行动或状态的连续)4. be sure about +名/代/V-ing“肯定”Are you sure about that?make sure (that)+从句“…...确保...…”Make sure that both doors are closed when you go out.5. learn sth. We must learn English every day.learn to do sth. I am going to learn to play ( play) the piano.6. discuss v. 讨论;商量 名词是discussiondiscuss with sb. 与某人讨论 :Discuss this question with your partner. Let’s discuss this problem. 让我们讨论一下这个问题。All we need now is action, not discussion. 我们现在需要的是行动,不是讨论。7. be able to do sth. 能够做某事 (1)can : can+动词原形,无人称和数的变化。

只能用于一般现在时和一般已往时,不能用于未来时。be able to + 动词原形,有人称和数的变化,可用于多种时态。(2)can 常指客观上能够;be able to 更偏重于经由努力、克服一定难题有能力做成某事。He will be able to(能够) speak English next year.(在此不能填can)8. promise n. 答应;信誉 v. 许诺;答应;允许 make a promise(to sb) (对某人)许下信誉keep a promise 遵守信誉 break a promise 违背信誉promise (sb) to do sth. 许诺某人干某事promise (sb) +that 从句He promised to help me. 他许诺过要资助我。

I promised that I study hard from now on. 我答应从现在起努力学习。9. have to do with 关于;与……有关系The book has to do with computers. 那本书与盘算机有关。10. take up sth./doing sth.(尤指为消遣)学着做;开始做I am going to take up cooking next year. 明年我将要学煮饭。11. Sometimes the resolutions may be too difficult to keep.too+形容词/副词 to+动词原形,表现“太…...而不能...…”如:The kid is too young to play this game. 这个小孩太小,不能玩这个游戏。

12. one’s own +名词 “某人自己的工具”, 强调某物为小我私家所有my own book 我自己的书本【重点语法】一般未来时“am/is/are going to +动词原形”结构1. 基本形式否认式:am/is/are not going to +动词原形一般疑问式:am/is/are +主语+ going to + 动词原形+其他?特殊疑问式:特殊疑问词+一般疑问式?He is going to spend his holidays in London. 他计划在伦敦度假。Look at the dark clouds. There is going to be a storm. 看那乌云,快要下雨了。Is he going to collect any data for us? 他会帮我们收集数据吗?What are you going to do tomorrow? 明天你计划作什么?2. 基本用法(1)表现事先经由思量、摆设好计划、计划要做某事。Dad and I are going to watch an opera this afternoon. 今天下午我和爸爸计划去看歌剧。

(2)表现凭据现在某种迹象判断,某事很是有可能发生,表现推测。Look! There come the dark clouds. It is going to rain. 瞧!乌云麋集。天要下雨了。

Unit7 Will people have robots?【重点词语/短语用法剖析】1. many+可数名词 许多......much +不行数名词 许多......2. live to be+基数词 + years old“活到...…岁”3. be in great danger 处在极大的危险中4. play a part in +名/代/V-ing. 到场某事/做某事Everyone should play a part in saving the earth.5. help (sb.) with sth. 资助(某人)做某事He often helps me with my English. help sb. (to) do sth. 资助(某人)做…… He often helps me study English.help oneself ( to ) 自用(食物等) Help yourself to the fish. 请随便吃鱼6. the same as… 和……一样...... 反义短语: be different from 7. It takes/took/will take sb. some time to do sth. 某人花了……时间做某事(时态凭据详细情况决议) It takes me an hour to get to my office. spend time/money on sth. 在……上花费时间(款项)sb. spend time/money (in) doing sth. 花费时间(款项)做某事。I spent two hours on this math problem. 这道数学题花了我个小时。

They spent two years building this bridge. 造这座桥花了他们两年时间。8. hundreds of + 名词复数 许多/大量...... 数词+hundred + 名词复数 几百......类似的数词另有thousand(千) , million(万)There are four hundred students in our grade.There are hundreds of tourists in Beijing every year.9. during 在…期间 during the vacation/the daytime/the weekend10. the meaning of …...的意思Can you tell me the meaning of the words?【重点语法】一般未来时 点击左方蓝字即可检察一般未来时全部知识内容。

Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake?【重点词语/短语用法剖析】1. cut是“切, 割”的意思,已往式为cut。cut up 意为“切碎”Cut up the bananas. = Cut the bananas up. Cut it /them up.2. turn on 打开, 接通(电流、煤气、水等) turn off 关掉, 截断(电流、煤气、水等)turn up 开大, 调高(音量、热量等) turn down 调低, 关小(音量、热量等)3. one more thing 另外一件事情 another ten minutes 再多十分钟数字+ more + 物品 指“另外的……another + 数字 + 物品 指“另外的……当数字为one时,常与more连用或只用 another。Give me two more hamburgers?another two hamburgers4. forget to do sth. 忘记(去)做某事forget doing sth. 忘记已做过某事。

5. It’s a time (for sb). to do sth. 该是(某人)做某事的时期了It’s time (for sb.)to do sth. =It’s time for sth. 该是(某人)做某事的时间了。It’s a time for you to study English.It’s time for us to go to school.(It’s time for school.)6. give thanks for +名/代V-ing “感恩...…”We should give thanks for our parents.He gave thanks for life and food.7. Most Americans still celebrate this ideas of giving thanks by having a big meal.by +sth./doing :1)以…...方式 I study English by listening to English songs.2)在...…的旁边 I am sitting by the pool. 3)在...…之前 I have to go to school by 8:00. 4)搭乘 I go to school by bus.8. Here is +名单(宾语) “这是…” 是倒装句Here is a photo of my family.Here are+名复 Here are some English books.当宾语是代词时,要用顺装。如:Here you are.(对) Here are you.(错)9. fill sth. with sth. 用...…把…...装满 (强调行动)be full of“装满…”(强调状态)I filled the cup with the milk. The cup is full of the milk.10. put…in(into)… 把…...放到...… 里11. cover…with… 用…...笼罩12. cut …into 把…...切成...… Cut the apple into four pieces.cut up… 切碎13. serve v. 服务 n. serviceserve +名/代 “提供…” The shop serves nice food.serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb. Serve it to your friends with some vegetables.serve sb. with sth. “用某物招待某人” Serve the guests with some tea.【重点语法】名词的单复数 点击左方蓝字即可检察名词单复数的全部知识内容。

Unit9 Can you come to my party?【重点词语/短语用法剖析】1. one…another… 表现不确定数目中的另一个one…the other… 表现两者中的另一个I don't like this one, can you show me another?I have two brothers. One is a lawyer and the other is a manager.some…others… 表现没有规模限定的“一些…...另一些...…”some…the others… 表现某一规模的“一些...…其余的…...” Some go to school by bike and others go to school by bus.Some go to school by bike and the others go to school by bus.2. invite v. 邀请 n. invitationinvite sb. to do sth.“邀请某人干某事” invite sb. to+所在名词1) Mr. Green invited me to visit his factory last week.2) Thanks a lot for your invitation3) Thanks for inviting me to your party.3.(1)What’s the date today? 意为“今天是几月几号?” It’s +月+日。(2)What day is it today? 意为“今天是星期几?”It’s + 星期几。

—What’s the date? —It’s September 10th.—What day is it today? — It’s Wednesday.4. have a lesson(class) 上课have an English lesson5. prepare v. 准备 n. preparationprepare sth. “准备某物”,所准备的工具就是后面的宾语。prepare for sth. “为……做准备”,指为后面的宾语做准备prepare to do sth. “准备做某事”6. bring...to…“带来”把某物从此外地方带到说话人的地方take…to …“带去”把某物从说话的地方带到别处去。(两者偏向相反)Bring your homework here, and take the book away.把你的作业拿过来,把这本书带走。7. without(介词)没有 反义词:with“具有”We can’t live without water. Jane is a beautiful girl with long hair.8. so that +从句: 以便于;目的是 I study hard so that I can get good grades.9. surprise n. 惊讶 surprised adj. 感应惊讶的(指人)surprising adj. 令人惊讶的(指物)be surprised at sth.“惊讶于某事” to one’s surprise “令某人惊讶的是”① I’m surprised at the surprising news. 我对这个令人惊讶的消息感应很受惊。

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② To my surprise, he left without leaving a word. 令我惊讶的是,他一声不响地脱离了。10. look forward to (介词)+名/代/V-ingI look forward to your reply. 我期待你的回复。

I look forward to seeing you again.11. hear from sb. = get a letter from sb. 收到某人的来信。I heard from my friends yesterday.=I got a letter from my friend yesterday.12. the best way to do sth. 做某事的最好方式Exercising is the best way to keep healthy.13. how to do that. “该怎么做” ,疑问词+to do sth常用来做宾语I don’t know how to make a banana milk shake.I don’t know what to do.14. at the end of “在…末尾” Now, it is at the end of 2014. 反义短语:at the beginning of “ 在…开始”15. be glad/happy/sad to do sth.“很兴奋/惆怅做某事 I am glad to see you.16. reply to sb./sth.“回复…”Reply in writing to the invitation “以写信形式回复这份邀请函”【重点语法】一. 表现邀请的句型1. Can/Could you…(come to my party)?2. Would you like to..( Would you like to my party)?接受:Sure/Yes/Of course, I’d love/like to.拒绝::① I’m sorry, I can’t. I have to/must+V原 (陈述理由 )② I’d love/like to, but I … (理由) 3.I’m afraid not. I…(理由)二. must与have to1. must 表现主观“必须”;must 表现“主观上的要求”,无人称和时态的变化,否认回覆: needn’t 或 don't have to (不必)。mustn’t 表现“克制”.2. have to表客观需要,有人称和时态变化,否: don’t / doesn’t / didn’t have to (没须要)—Must I be home before eight o’clock? 8点之前我必须回家吗?—Yes, you must. / No, you needn't. / No, you don't have to.Unit10 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time!【重点词语/短语用法剖析】1. have a great time 意为“玩得愉快”,=enjoy oneself, have fun, have a good / wonderful / nice timehave a great / good time in (doing) sth. 做某事很开心2. ask sb.(not)to do sth. 要求某人(不)做某事The teachers ask us to do (do) lots of homework.3. order sth. from +所在“从某地订购食物”I want to order some books from the book store.4. keep…to oneself 守旧秘密5. unless conj. 除非;如果不 unless 引导的条件句表现在特定条件下,才决议做或不做一件事。=if...notThe concert will be held as schedule unless there is a typhoon.= The concert will be held as schedule if there is not a typhoon.6. be afraid to do sth. 畏惧干某事 I’m afraid to speak in front of other people.be afraid of sth. 畏惧某事 He told me not to be afraid of difficulties. be afraid +that从句I’m afraid that I can’t finish on time 7. be angry with sb.We were angry with him for keeping us waiting.be angry at/about sth.He is angry at/about your answer. I was very angry at what he said. 8. in the end 最后;终于= at last/ finallyat the end of 在...末了;到...止境He married the nice girl in the end/at last/finally. The school is at the end of the street. 9. careless adj. 粗心的;反义词:careful, 意为“小心的”。

The boy is very careless. 这个男孩很粗心。He is more careful than me. 他比我认真。10. advise v.“劝告;建议”n. advice, 是不行数名词.Give me some advice!advise doing sth. 建议做某事。

advise sb.(not)to do sth. 建议某人(不)做某事I advise waiting till the right time. 我建议等到适当的时候。I advise him not to sleep late every day. 我建议他不要天天睡懒觉。11. It’s best (not) to do sth. 最好(不)做某事It’s best to speak English every day.12. run away from“ 从…逃离” “逃避” 13. cut …in half “切成两半”【重点语法】if条件句if条件句:条件句用于陈述语气,表现假设的情况可能发生,其中 if 是“如果”的意思,引导条件状语从句,if从句用一般现在时,主句则用一般未来时。

(主将从现)组成if从句主句(主将从现)时态一般现在时:主+be(is/am/are)+其它(名/形)。主+V原+其它。主(三单)+V(三单)+其它。

1.一般未来时: 主语+shall/will+V原2.主句是祈使句3.主句含有情态动词Can, may , must等词4.主句含有want, hope , wish 等表愿望的词例句If I am an teacher,If you come back,If he comes,If you can come,If I have much moneyI will be busy.call me please.he will take us to the zoo.please let me know.I may take a trip.注意:在与if条件句连用的主句中我们一般用will 表现未来时,而不用be going to 表现未来时。PS:在when(当…时候), after, before 等引导的时间状语从句中,如果主句为一般未来时,从句要用一般现在时表现未来(主将从现)。如: I will call you when I reach Canada. 我一到加拿大就给你打电话。

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